Thursday, March 15, 2012

Syria: Shia Alawites Versus Sunnis

As we have mentioned in a couple of previous posts, one way of looking at the situation in Syria is almost as a civil war between the Alawites (an offshoot of Shia) who constitute the bulk of the regime, and the Sunnis who constitute the bulk of the rebels.  Although Assad's Alawite sect makes up only 12% of the country, they hold the bulk of the positions in government and the state security apparatus.  Meanwhile, the Sunnis make up anywhere from 60-75% of the population, and constitute the vast bulk of the rebellion.  
Part of the reason the regime - and most of the Alawite population - is fighting so hard to hold on to power is they fear the repercussions if they lose.  As this excellent article from Reuters explains, the Alawites are fearful that the majority Sunnis may turn on them if Assad falls.  As noted in an earlier post, the cry of "The Christians to Beirut, the Alawites to the grave" has been heard at many anti-government protests, which further reinforces the fears of Alawites and other minorities in Syria.  Below is a map of Syria's demographics that give a rough overview of Syria's complex demographics:

Map of Religious Demographics in Syria - Alawites, Christians and Sunnis

                                                                       

3 comments:

  1. Thanks for the information, though it is a bit depressing. Given how bad things are in Syria are now, I was thinking that a nineteenth century kind of solution, moving borders around, might work. If Turkey is very worried about poor folks suffering in Sleppo and near them, and if Assad would not survive a day without Russian and Iranian help, why not a Great Powers conference of at least those three? Why not give Turkey some land in northern Syria, in exchange for giving equal area in its own east of less value to Georhia, Srmenia, Iran and Iraq? But this demographic map suggests that this would be a mess, with Sunni Turkey closest to Shia/Christian areas, and Shia Iran and Iraq next to Sunni areas. Also, rebel activity in Aleppo looks a bit like Sunnis attacking a Shia/Christian area, if I understand this map correctly. What a mess!

    ReplyDelete
  2. this is not only about religion it's also about ethnicity this is a mixture of both and also geopolitics

    ReplyDelete
  3. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

    ReplyDelete